Chemical peeling is a technique used to improve the appearance of the skin. A chemical solution is applied to the skin which causes it to separate, peel off, and allows new skin to regenerate. The new skin is smoother and less wrinkled than the old skin, and may also be more even in color. Millions of chemical peels are performed each year. Dermatologists have used various peeling agents for decades and are experts in performing all types of this chemical surgery. Today, with the public’s increasing interest in rejuvenating skin and slowing the effects of the aging process, chemical peeling has emerged as an exciting anti-aging procedure. Results of chemical peels may also be enhanced by new laser/light-based rejuvenation techniques. A thorough evaluation by your dermatologist is necessary before choosing a chemical peel.
Chemical peel is useful for people having hyperpigmentation disorders.
Photodamaged skin ( fine wrinkles, textural alterations, diffuse dyschromias, yellowing and mottling.
Chemical peels in acne work by expelling clogged pores, reduce scaring, and killing the bacteria that cause acne eruptions. Various peels are performed according to the condition which needs to be treated. A series of peels along with a post peel care regimen will result in a clear blemish less face.
The procedure may be performed on the face, neck, chest, hands, arms, and legs. Superficial, medium or deep chemical peels may be used to improve damaged skin. As a rule, the deeper the peel, the longer the recovery time. Your dermatologist will recommend the best peel for your skin problems.
Depending upon the type of peel, there may be mild to severe sun burning sensation. Superficial peeling usually involves redness, followed by scaling that lasts three to five days. It is important to avoid overexposure to the sun immediately after a chemical peel since the new skin is fragile and more susceptible to injury. Your dermatologist will prescribe appropriate follow-up care to help the skin heal.
In certain skin types, there is a risk of developing a temporary color change. Birth control pills, pregnancy, or a family history of brownish discoloration on the face may increase the possibility of developing abnormal pigmentation. Although very low, there is a risk of scarring after chemical peels in some patients who have history of scar formation. If scarring does occur, it can usually be treated with good results.
There is a small incidence of the reactivation of cold sores or herpes simplex infection in patients with a history of fever blisters.
Prior to a chemical peel, it is important for a patient to inform the dermatologist of any past history of keloids, unusual scarring tendencies, extensive X-rays or radiation to the face, or recurring cold sores, for proper precautions to be taken.
Prior to treatment
Instructions may include stopping certain medications and preparing the skin with pre-conditioning creams. A chemical peel is usually performed in a dermatologist’s office. The skin is thoroughly cleansed with an agent that removes excess oils, and the eyes and hair are protected. One or more chemical solutions such as glycolic acid, trichloroacetic acid, salicylic acid, lactic acid, or carbolic acid are used. Your dermatologist will suggest the proper peeling agent based upon the type of skin damage present and desired results.